Wingsuit Flying

Wingsuit flying is the art of flying the human body through the air using a special jumpsuit, called a wingsuit, that shapes the human body into an airfoil which can create lift. The wingsuit creates the airfoil shape with fabric sewn between the legs and under the arms. It is also known by the public as a birdman suit or squirrel suit.

A wingsuit can be flown from any point that provides sufficient altitude to glide through the air, such as skydiving aircraft or BASE jumping exit points.

The wingsuit flier wears parachute equipment designed for skydiving or BASE jumping. The flier will deploy the parachute at a planned altitude and unzip the arm wings, if necessary, so they can reach up to the control toggles and fly to a normal parachute landing.

History:
old wingsuit


One of the fist ever wingsuits dating back to the 1930s!

Wings were first used in the 1930s as an attempt to increase horizontal movement. These early wingsuits were made of materials such as canvas, wood, silk, steel, and even whale bone. They were not very reliable. According to wingsuit lore, between 1930 and 1961, 72 of the 75 original birdmen died testing their wingsuits. Some of these so-called "birdmen," most notably Clem Sohn and Leo Valentin, claimed to have glided for miles and inspired dozens of imitators.

In the mid-1990s, French skydiver Patrick de Gayardon developed a wingsuit that had unparalleled safety and performance. Unfortunately, de Gayardon died on April 13, 1998 while testing a new modification to his parachute container in Hawaii; his death is attributed to a rigging error which was part of the new modification rather than a flaw in the suit's design. Despite his tragic end, de Gayardon planted the seeds for a new generation of birdmen.

In 1998, Jari Kuosma of Finland and Robert Pe─Źnik of Croatia teamed up to create a wingsuit that was safe and accessible for all skydivers when they established BirdMan, Inc. BirdMan's Classic, designed by Robert Pecnik, was the first wingsuit offered to the general public. BirdMan was also the first manufacturer to advocate the safe use of wingsuits by creating an Instructor program. Created by Jari Kuosma, the instructor program's aim was to remove the stigma that wingsuits were dangerous and to provide wingsuit beginners (Generally, skydivers with a minimum of 200 logged jumps) with a way to safely enjoy what was once considered the most dangerous feat in the skydiving world. With the help of Birdman Chief Instructors Scott Campos, Chuck Blue and Kim Griffin, a standardized program of instruction was developed that preprared instructors.[1] Phoenix-Fly, Fly Your Body, and Nitro Rigging have also instituted an instructor training program.

Training:

The United States Parachute Association (USPA) recommends in the Skydivers Information Manual that any jumper flying a wingsuit for the first time have at least 200 jumps and be accompanied by an instructor, or 500 jumps experience to go without an instructor. Wingsuit manufacturers offer training courses and certify instructors.





Future of wingsuit Flight:

Another varying on which studies are being focused on is the so-called wingpack, which consists of a strap-on rigid wing in carbon fiber. It's a mix between a hang-glider and a wingsuit. The wingpack can reach a glide ratio of 6 and permits transportation of the oxygen bottles and other material.

On July 31th 2003 an Austrian, Felix Baumgartner, jumping from 9.000 meters, was successful in crossing in 14 minutes the English Channel, covering over 35 km. While still very experimental, powered wingsuits, use small jet engines strapped to a wingpack set-up, allow for even greater horizontal travel and even ascent.

Using a wing, Yves Rossy became the first person to obtain the maneuverability of an aircraft while steering solely with body movement; his experimental wingpack, however, is not currently commercially viable because the fuel the wing uses, and the materials required in construction are prohibitive in cost. Nonetheless, his eight-minute flight over the Swiss Alps made headlines around the world, and so far, his "jet-wingpack" remains the only one capable of sustained flight.


Jet Man


In 2006, the German enterprise ESG introduced Gryphon, a wingpack specifically destined to the secret incursions of the special forces.

jet wing



All Information sourced from wikipedia: Link to Wingsuit Article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wingsuit_flying